Global Architecture – 700-200 BCE

At the first millennium, military techniques were developed. Sargon II had a new capital that Dur-Sharrukin. Besides, he had a palace at Dur-Sharrukin that includes temples differ from the previous temples in terms of scale etc. At the western side of the city there is a 6 temple. That reveals that the religious and the civil life were together. I want to add something, temples alignment differs from other constructs. I think it comes from religious beliefs. After the Sargon II died, his son abandoned the city and new king extinguished his all works. I think that Sargon II was a powerful king, new king begrudged his and broke up his works.

Babylon is a multinational city that’s new aim is that being a religious center and multilinguistic center. Actually, unlike the Neo-Assyrians, they wanted to assign a mean which relevant with theology. In addition, the ziggurat of Entemenanki had a huge grandness that has no rivals. That shows us the importance of the religious.

Something attracts my attention, Nebuchadnezzar II omitted some rituals the result of this that internal confusions occurred.

The Greek Polis

Unlike the previous palaces and tombs, Greeks created public spaces that are open and colonnaded. Also, their management system was different from others as a result of that Polis word came from Politics. They developed new methods for orthogonal planning that considering the justice. Agora sat the middle of the city as an aim of public spaces with  a different aim than the other cities public spaces. Athen had big streets that include many things so, the government also became large and they classified the structures for their functions. In addition, Greeks built their houses without division. It means that social equality in citizens.

The Greek Temple

In Segesta, Sicily there is an unfinished temple. It is a periteral structure means that columned structure basically. It differs from other previous religious examples in a two-way. First one its combination and relation between landscape and second one is a colonnaded structure. In addition, Greek temples have 3 types : Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.

The Persians devastated the Athens and they omitted the city. Therefore Acropolis was needed to rebuild. Something attracts my attention that  the Propylaia is a doric temple but the central columns have a different organization.( 3 instead of 2)

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus has different architectural styles that can be called as a multiarchitecture, I guess.


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