200 BCE – 300 CE / Ancient Rome – Ancient China – Ancient Mexico

ANCIENT ROME

Despite the Romes’ hard topography which means that includes hills, they strictly used the grid. In this period, architecture was developed in a good way and by the contribution which is directly or indirectly of the human who lives that area and generally had different nations that mean multinational. Then, architecture became important for governance. One thing attracts my attention that in Romans they have mastering space for different talented. It is also contributed for the Roman architectures’ that highly improvement. Besides these, Rome has some gateways and frontal orientation that resemble the Etruscan architecture. Because of the hereditary power of The Senate, as a difference from the Agora, Roman Forum was enclosed large colonnaded space. In addition, because of the religious reasons, they set their cities on a cross-axis of streets which also comes from Etruscans and also generally belonged to the grid.

Pompeii is the best example of Roman architectures resembles. That attracts my attention; Pompeii streets has sidewalk area. That divides the streets for human and to the guide vehicles. As a difference from Greeks, their temples were raised up with a platform and enclosed than Greeks and also only one entrance and one opening on the front. Also that entrance different from previous ones in terms of entrance location where on the short side for the strength axis. Besides all, Roma had

Besides all, Roma had Baths and Theaters. They used the bath for socialization and cleaning themselves. In theaters, they inspired from Greeks but they had more architectural information than Greeks so, they made those theaters both sloped areas and flat areas. They also gained to theaters new things. Amphitheater were mostly used dangerous activities and we can see these constructs firstly Romes. According to Roman houses that were 3 types. Domus private house, Villas like summer houses and Insula. I want to explain something about the Domus, they had an atrium which is in the middle of the house and had not got a roof. Also, subspaces surrounded it.

Emperor’s architect thought that if the cities topography reshaping, the design of the public environment will gain power.

ANCIENT CHINA

In that period, Chinese repeated always same architectural building types so, it is more lasting than other nations constructs. The reason behind it that they gave importance idea of the building than built work. But because of the used material, constructs had a short life span. I thought that their constructs were not permanent because of the material so, maybe they built again and again. In accordance with these materials, the have not got more examples of their structures but only the Great Walls exist.

According to Chinese orthogonal square diagram, at the center figure of the emperor. Centrality used as a location tool for the Chinese. Like Romans, Chinese also used cardinal axis because of the same reason with Romans that was religious. In Great Walls, materials can change at different zones that from wooden to stone. Actually, it made for protection from attacks so, it is stronger than the inside constructs which in the city.

ANCIENT MEXICO

Unlike the Romans and Chinese, Mexicans culture very different in terms of  some things. For example, Roman created the control of societies with used an architecture but, Mexicans did not like that. They made this control with behaviors. In terms of the structural technology, Asians and Mesoamericans differ from each other. Mesoamericans had less technology about the architecture. They gave importance to monuments and religious places. In La Venta, creating space attracts my attention in a way that raised terraces with using alignment on orthogonal elements.I want to add a comparison between the Chinese and the Mexicans, unlike the Chinese, Mexicans could add the layer on previous levels.

Human behaviors did not only issue for the Mexicans architecture, grand and directionality was also used by them. For instance, pyramids sat on grand axis.

 

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