800-1200 AD / Southeast Asia and Southern India – Global Architecture

In the premodern societies of Asia, there was a political order that observed the hierarchy in the cosmos. They designed their monumental architecture in accordance with that hierarchical cases. Indian designers used mandala diagrams put onto their works. Mandalas affected the composition of complex symbolic landscapes. Axis Mundi was the focused point when the society constructed a grand pyramidal design. Mandala was used from both the Buddhist and Hindus. Actually, basically mandala layered series of geometric shapes and it means a lot for religious devotions.

Buddhist shrine of Borobudur is one of the largest temples of all time during the ninth century and created by the Sailendra dynasty. Those temples known as candi provided the only architectural clue about the urban civilization that arranged them. There is a concentric succession of geometric figures leading from the redented squares of the outer platforms. The base seems like a small pyramid which similar at Giza. That is a fact that designers considered the finding a way to brace the mass of the outer terraces from sliding outward then the structural invention. They relied on grid mandala on 8*8 or 9*9. This number of eight is important in Buddhist doctrine. We can say that architecture of Indians has been always related with religious of Indians.

Angkor had many architectural things that are canals, oblong reservoirs, dozens of temple complexes etc. As similar as the regular flooding of Nile throughout the year, in accordance with the Great Lakes changing in the year and the climate issue related with their architectural knowledge as similar as the Egyptians. In Khmer, they lived highly ritualized so they designed their cities for the gods. Hariharalaya bankrolled three basic architectural aim that are to supply a grand waterwork, to build an ancestor temple and to create a pyramidal state temple as a mausoleum. The people of the Khmer improved with hydrılogical engineering. Barays function has been argued. That location of Baray there are canals. I thought that functions mostly relevant with the things of nearby nature. Temples of Preah Ko and Bakong covered by the vast enclosures which were great cross-axial composition, wide moats, and tufted roos-scapes. Moats and vast enclosures for the protection, I think. The Khmer presented two basic temple types which are terrace temple and the pyramid temple. This pyramid temples seen in plan only slight differences but in section they are greatly varied.


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