Public Spaces and Private Palaces of the Renaissance / Global Architecture

The Renaissance issue means that review the idea of ancient Greco-Roman culture and Italian solid. It was begun by humanists that interested in many arts. Architects and artists in Floreans have also discovered innovations as well as copying ancient culture. With the idea of humanism, the classical order in architecture was followed by a harmony. Republican creed channeled their collective resources to civic projects, the bridges, the city walls etc. Rounded arches, symmetrically place bays, and harmonious proportions were used in late fourteenth-century Florence. Also, they used freestanding objects in proportional space. The perspective vision was one of the discovered and used the thing in that period as an art such as in Piazza Della Signoria’s L-shape.

Santa Maria del Flore was designed a simple Gothic style with quadripartite ribbed vaults spanning the nave and two side aisles to Arnolfo di Cambio. After a period of construction stops, an octagonal dome aimed at crossing the dome in order to cities was being built.  The commune resorted to a committee to set the cube dimensions as wide as the Parthenon in Rome and almost twice high. The structural concept of Fiorovanti’s dome is same with the twelfth-century Baptistery of San Giovanni. Brunelleschi was an architect who built the new dome without falsework and he contributed some structural things to the architecture that relevant with supporting the constructions during the process of building. Besides all, the architect used many ancient architectural elements in this church. He works with conventions inspired by early Florence. That is to stay, the Corinthian columns were used on the facade that is a classical appearance. He is an architect of Old Sacristy of San Lorenzo was built for Medici family, Pazzi Chapel built for a family that initially supported the Medici. There was borrowed ancient classical elements in the Pazzi chapel, the corner was bowing, leaving a single flute on the chilled wall and a thin strip corresponding to the spiral of the capital. There is a similarity between the Christian Basilica’s and the Church of San Lorenzo is that when the Medici family reconstructed the church resembled the Christian basilicas of Rome. In this period, the thing that attracts my attention corinthian and classical columns were used mostly on the facade.

Palazzo Vecchio, like the castle with the rustic of rough blocks and regularly spaced biforium windows, influenced  the development of the Florentine merchant’s palace at first sight. “Florentine palazzo type.” Cosimo wanted to build an urban residence that resembled an ancient Roman Domus and completed structures with classical details such as corinthian columns, biforium windows, classical cornice, brackets, dentils etc. (Roman Forum)


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